Castello Sforzesco in Milan is of one of the most beautiful castles in Italy. It was built by Francesco Sforza in the fifteenth century, who called the architect Antonio Averlino from Florence. Later, il Castello Sforzesco was further embellished thanks to Bramante and Leonardo da Vinci, who frescoed several rooms of the ducal apartment.
In the sixteenth century the castle passed under the Spanish rule, which used it as a military citadel and equipped it with a new star defensive system designed by Vincenzo Seregni. Castle Sforzesco retained its military destination even under Habsburg and Napoleonic rule. It was then Napoleon who ordered the destruction of the building, in agreement with the Milanese population who saw in the Castle the symbol of a secular foreign tyranny. Of the same period was the Antolini project for the new Bonaparte forum, which was partly replaced by the creation of the Sempione Park.
Despite some losses, Castello Sforzesco survived the destruction and was restored at the beginning of the twentieth century by the architect Luca Beltrami, giving-creating it as close to the original as possible. The management of Castello Sforzesco finally passed to the City of Milan and is still home to some of the most important museums in the city, including the Pinacoteca, the Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Ancient Art, the Musical Instruments Museum, the Art Library, Archives and Trivulzian Library and Bertarelli Collection of Prints.